The Best Binary Options Trading Demo Accounts 2020 • Benzinga

Binary options trading ninja the big ben strategy free download - ftuudemy.com

A step-by-step guide to the easiest Nadex Binary Options Trading Strategy. Learn how 2master Binary Options thru Big Ben

TRADING
Created by Saad T. Hameed (STH), Outliers EdTech English English [Auto-generated] What you’ll learn
Description
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TOP-NOTCHInstructor on Binary Options Trading
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Nadex Binary Options Trading Course Details:
With this Binary options trading course, you will learn the basics and then advance stuff based on Nadex binary options trading platform.
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Learn how to trade with ease through Big ben Strategy based on binary options.
Disclaimer Note: This Binary Options Trading course is for educational and informational purposes only. Not recommending of any particular investments such as a particular stock or mutual fund.
Who this course is for:
Size: 160MB
Download link: https://www.ftuudemy.com/binary-options-trading-ninja-the-big-ben-strategy-free-download/
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Built a hosting platform over 16 years, giving away free lifetime licenses

Site Admin demoSource
16 years ago I stumbled into hosting with Ensim WEBppliance, which was a clusterfuck of a control panel necessitating a bunch of bugfixes. Those bugfixes spawned a control panel, apnscp, that I've continued to develop to this day. v3 is the first public release of apnscp and to celebrate I'm giving away 200 free lifetime licenses on webdev each good for 1 server.
Visit apnscp.com/activate/webdev-license-lt to get started customizing the installer. Database + PHP are vendor agnostic. apnscp supports any-version Node/Ruby/Python/Go. I'm interested in feedback, if not bugs then certainly ideas for improvement. This has gone through several stages of polish, please do your best to break it!
apnscp ships with integrated Route 53/CF DNS support in addition to Linode, DO, and Vultr. Additional providers are easy to create. apnscp includes 1-click install/updates for Wordpress, Drupal, Laravel, Ghost, Discourse, and Magento. Enabling Passenger, provided you have at least 2 GB memory, opens the door to use any-version Ruby, Node, and Python on your server.

Minimum requirements

Features

apnscp won't fix all of your woes; you still need to be smart about whom you host and what you host, but it is a step in the right direction. apnscp is not a replacement for a qualified system administrator. It is however a much better alternative to emerging panels in this market.

Installation

Use apnscp Customizer to configure your server as you'd like. See INSTALL.md for installation + usage.
Monitoring installation
apnscp will provision your server and this takes around 45 minutes to 2 hours to complete the first time. You can monitor installation real-time from the terminal:
tail -f /root/apnscp-bootstrapper.log
Post Install
If you entered an email address while customizing (apnscp_admin_email) and the server isn't in a RBL, then you will receive an email with your login information. If you don't get an email after 2 hours, log into the server and check the status:
tail -n30 /root/apnscp-bootstrapper.log
The last line should be similar to: 2019-01-30 18:39:02,923 p=3534 u=root | localhost : ok=3116 changed=1051 unreachable=0 failed=0
If failed=0, everything is set! You can reset the password and refer back to the login information to access the panel or reset your credentials. Post-install will welcome you with a list of helpful commands to get started as well. You may want to change -n30 to -n50!
If failed=n where n > 0, send me a PM, email ([email protected]), get in touch on the forums, or Discord.
Shoot me a PM if you have a question or hop on Discord chat. Either way feedback makes this process tick. Enjoy!

Installation FAQ

Resources

License information

Licenses are tied to the server but may be transferred to a new server. Once transferred from the server apnscp will become deactivated on the server, which means your sites will continue to operate but apnscp can no longer help you manage your server, as well as deploy automatic updates. A copy of the license can be made either by copying /uslocal/apnscp/config/license.pem or License > Download License in the top-right corner. Likewise to install the license on a new machine just replace config/license.pem with your original copy.
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Does Olymp Trade is best app for Binary or Forex trading?

First of all, I think it is important to clarify that Olymp Trade is NOT a binary options platform! It is a Digital Options platform, there is a bit difference between the types of tradings. Also, Olymp Trade has a forex platform-app, so, in total, 2 platforms-apps for trading. I have been trading with them for more than one year and a half, and I really like the apps! It is very easy to use and understand the tools and the graph. So, my answer is, Olymp Trade is the best company for trading Digital Options an Forex! I can assure that, considering that since I started, I am making a really good profit. Besides having a great app, they also offer many training materials and webinars for beginners, as well as for experienced traders. Another positive point about the platforms, is that both have free demo accounts, in which you can make trainings of your trading strategies.
UpForex Presenting US100 NO Deposit Bonus available for the fresh clients that register for the promotion till it is valid. Take the opportunity to test Live Forex Trading as well as the UpForex Broker. Apply now and trade with the 100 Welcome Bonus to start to explore the trading services now!
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Pocket Option Review - Fast Payouts and High Returns


https://reddit.com/link/b67pmk/video/qjkxfip7epo21/player
Looking for a free demo account to trade binary options? Get one here: http://binary-options-brokers-reviews.com/x/pocketoption Pocket Option is my prefered Broker for sime time now, i like the Ladder Options and Pending Order feature! Get more information about binary options trading and the best binary options broker reviews: http://binary-options-brokers-reviews.com/

submitted by lorenwilson0 to u/lorenwilson0 [link] [comments]

CKB Monthly Report 2018 Dec

TLDR;

Changes in RFCs

The RFC (Request for Comments) process is intended to provide an open and community driven path for new protocols, improvements and best practices. One month later after open source, we have 11 RFCs in draft or proposal status. We haven't finalized them yet, discussions and comments are welcome.

Changes in CKB

CKB has released v0.2.0 and v0.3.0 in this month.
Rust 2018. We have upgraded all the major repositories to Rust 1.31.0 and 2018 edition. After the Rust upgrade, we can switch to numext, which is a high-performance big number library relying on some new features in 1.31.0.
CKB is dockerized. It has never been easier to run a CKB node:
docker run -ti nervos/ckb:latest run 
The node started via
ckb run 
no longer produces new blocks. This feature is now in a new process which is launched by
ckb miner 
(#52). The new process gets block template from a node and submits new block with resolved PoW puzzle via node's RPC. The RPC interface for miners is temporary, and we are working on an RFC proposal for this. After this change, we also modularized RPCs (#118). Now each RPC module can be disabled via config file.
Another feature we are actively developing is peers management. This month, we have implemented network group and inbound peer eviction which described in RFC0007. We also delivered a new version of
peerstore 
which allow us to support security strategies defined in RFC0007 in the future.
Annoyed by the problems of existing P2P libraries, we started to work on a brand new P2P protocol from the ground up. It is still in an early stage and is a minimal implementation for a multiplexed p2p network based on
yamux 
that supports mounting custom protocols. We already implemented 3 core components yamux/secio/service. yamux and secio are mainly refer to their corresponding golang implementations, API are clear and easy to use. Those 3 core components are all use channel based lock-free design with good code readability and maintainability. We are adding up more custom protocols layers, and is going to integrate the discovery protocol soon as described in RFC0012.
We have refactored the rust utility library to mock time for debug and test (#111). It is now available as a separate crate.
There are some other features we are still working on, such as implementation of RFC0006 and RFC0011, and the RFC about serialization format CFB. We are going to release them in next month.

Changes in VM

Changes in SDK

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Let's Talk About... The Stanley Parable.

Seeing as there are currently no threads discussing the game in /truegaming, I thought I'd start a discussion.
The Stanley Parable (released yesterday on steam)
Much like the game, I'm going to offer you a binary path:
A. If you haven't played the game (or even heard of it), then you are in for a treat. If you don't feel like shelling out $12 for the full game, there is a free demo on steam (And a 2011 free source mod version) that is a great way to see if it's something you would enjoy.
Most importantly, if you have no idea what the Stanley Parable is, I strongly urge you to NOT READ ABOUT IT. If you are intrigued by storytelling in games, the illusion of choice in games (or the reality of it), or are just looking for an interesting gaming experience, go play The Stanley Parable. Start with the demo and go from there.
B. If you've played the Stanley Parable, let's talk about it in this thread. [Spoilers Ahead]
How many endings have you found? Is there a true ending?
Was anyone patient enough to save the baby from the fire?
Did you click on door #430 5 times? Easy Achievement.
Just how long did YOU spend in the Broom Closet?
Arbitrary: Eight. Eight. Eight. Eight. Eight.888888888888
(Edit: trying to fix spoiler tags.)
My experience with the game has been very positive. It's like a choose-your-own-adventure book that's laugh out loud funny. It's empowering, yet confining. Each time you play and you discover something new, you are rewarded. Or punished. Or challenged. What does this game have to say about other games? Narrative in games? I am of the opinion that it is not merely exposing gaming tropes, problems, and cliches (Like "The Stanley Parable Adventure Line," getting silly achievements, leaderboards, illusion of choice where doors lead to the same place), but it is asking more. Why do I like achievements? Why do I follow that line/arrow/narrator? Why do I care that I'm 4923rd in the world? Do any of these things even matter in the end?
The part of the game I love here, is content in context. A barebones story, with a different outcome for (nearly) every choice made along the way. Many people who play this game won't find all of the endings. Or experience all of the content. Could a AAA "Epic" like Dragon Age, KOTOR, Fable, Final Fantasy, Skyrim, or Deus Ex (etc) ever account for player choice this way in a meaningful way? As soon as the story expands, the characters interact, the player explores... the amount of content needed becomes truly immense. So much so that it seems impossible (everyone remembers what happened to Mass Effect). What the Stanley Parable captures is the feeling that, of all the options available to me, all of them lead somewhere new. Somewhere interesting. Towards something meaningful.
Side note: This is why I find "open worlds" (arguably "open-storied worlds") so interesting. Best story in games of recent years? DayZ. Hands down. Why? Because I wrote it. I filled out the framework. All of my choices were my own. For some people that's what happens in Skyrim. Or Eve. Or Civilization. Or GalCiv. Or Dwarf Fortress. Fill in the blank. Food for thought for discussion.
Edit 2; added personal thoughts.
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Best Multi Level Marketing Software Of 2018

Best Multi Level Marketing Software Of 2018


Multi-Level Marketing, as we all know is flourishing and coming out to be the most promising business sector. So, to support your Multi-Level Marketing business endeavors, you must incorporate the best Multi Level Marketing software of 2018.
To clear up the air, MLM business software manages the sales, commissions and all the intermediatory salesperson. On top of this, it may also lend a helping hand with lead generation, inventory management, and other complex tasks.
Surely you can always follow the old-school tactics but why not ease up your MLM business management process.
Now comes the bigger question - what qualifies as the best Multi Level Marketing software and where can you find it.
For starters, a basic MLM business software must allow you to -
  • Implement various MLM business strategies and plans.
  • Track sales and manage commissions.
  • Facilitate recruitment and their tracking.
There are tons of MLM business software available in the market but this blog will only talk about the best Multi-Level business software i.e. FinoForce.
Why FinoForce is the best MLM software?
The answer has been derived after a lot of research and comparison. FinoForce MLM Software is considered the best because it offers the best MLM business services and features.
Not only does FinoForce caters to the above-mentioned basic MLM business software needs but it also packs some high-tech features.
Let’s dive in for more details -
1. Compatible With Multiple MLM Plans
One of the basic necessity of the MLM software is to allow its users to implement different types of MLM business strategies. FinoForce allows you to do exactly the same as it offers plans like Binary, Matrix, Unilevel, Monoline, Investment, Generation and a lot more than this.
2. Seamless Sales & Commission Management
The super easy to use software also allows you to very easily monitor and manage your sales and the commissions that owe to your salesperson. Also, being the admin, you can view a detailed report of income and expenses.
3. eCommerce Integration
The FinoForce software can also be regarded as the best eCommerce MLM business software. The software, when used with the eCommerce module can grow your business at a tremendous rate.
4. Secure Transactions
Talking about the security of transactions in your FinoForce account, you should be relieved to know that the software is backed up by PayPal and Stripe. Furthermore, FinoForce also has the compatibility towards the blockchain mechanism and multi-currency support.
5. Efficient Team Module
FinoForce has been developed to also manage the team internally within the software. The in-built chatting system and SMS alerts prove to be very helpful in keeping the team in the loop about everything.
Lastly, like every other MLM business software, FinoForce also allows its users to withdraw their earned money/commission via the inbuilt Withdraw option.
What’s Next?
While these are the prime features of FinoForce, the rest of the extensive features are waiting to be explored by you.
We are almost certain that if you are reading this article then you must be hunting for the best Multi-Level Marketing business software of 2018.
So, we encourage you to try the free demo of FinoForce and incorporate it into your business.
And, if you still wish to consider your other options then here is the list to some other MLM business software -
  • Infinite MLM Software
  • Epixel MLM Software
  • Ventaforce
submitted by 1regotechno to u/1regotechno [link] [comments]

Guidelines on how to create well-designed, mechanically sound, and balanced weapons.

NOTE: The following is a set of guidelines made to assist in the better creation of balanced weapons. The keyword being guideline. These are not rules, they are merely suggestions, if not pretty damn good ones.
Making and balancing weapons for Team Arena Shooter games like Team Fortress 2 is not an easy job. Every aspect of the game affects every other aspect, one class will change another class plays, while some weapons will affect what another weapon is like. The viability and utility of different portions of the game will, regardless of intent, alter how other (sometimes entirely unrelated) sections of the game are played. With this in mind, this guide has been created to help highlight some key design points of the game. From the knowledge explained hereon, your ability to create and balance weapons in Team Fortress 2 and other games will be augmented.
This list will be split into different sections focusing on different portions of the game. The main three sections will be of most importance, while any latter ones will primarily be recommendations. The three primary aspects that are focused are design, mechanics, and balancing. Regardless of what you may perceive, the most important aspect of weapon creation is the design of the weapon. What purpose your weapon serves and how it will achieve that from the get go will determine how it is built. The mechanics of the game are what you will have to chose to dictate how the weapon functions and plays out. While balancing is arguably the least important aspect, it is regardless the one that will determine how well your product will come to fruition. You can not after all, build a castle on top of quicksand; So, as a rule of thumb, do not focus on the balance of the weapon from the start, focus on the design of the weapon, and how you are going to put the weapon in place.
DESIGN
Effective roles
Regardless of what class you are making a weapon for, one thing will hold true: The stock weapons are the generalist weapons. They are meant to be able to function in every scenario as well as the other. Stock weapons follow the simple role that they are meant to kill, there is not a single stock weapon in game that is not built to kill (or in the case of the EngineeSpy PDA and the Medigun- to allow to kill). Thus, any weapon you create has to be a specialist weapon of some sort. Your weapon must be built to complete a role more effectively than the stock weapon, while doing another role less effectively than stock. Certain weapons may even be built to function an entire different role set than the stock (such as with the iconic Dead Ringer, Gunslinger, and Chargin’ Targe). Yet even with the aspect of having a different role as a whole, those weapons must still be, relative to stock, specialist weapons.
Conflicting roles
There have been many cases within Team Fortress 2 that have displayed a failure in the design of weapons to have fully independent roles. Sometimes this is due to the stock weapons themselves not fulfilling a role properly (such as with most classes default melee weapons), but many times this can be because the unlock weapon simply does everything better than the stock weapon. One of the prime examples of this issue is the Degreaser before the Tough Break update, the role it served was simply doing everything that stock did, but better. Another example is the Diamondback, a weapon that effective does the same role as the stock revolver- but better. When creating a weapon, find a role that has not been filled by another weapon. Try to stray away from creating weapons that fulfil the same role as another weapon.
Lack of a role
In the same vein of having conflicting roles, some weapons do not appear to have any distinct role in their design at all. Weapons that fall within this category tend to either be absolutely useless, or the de facto default. The Sun on a Stick and Sharpened Volcano Fragment come forth as prime examples of the first. Both those weapons lack any discernible features that would make them worthwhile compared to the other available weapons, which in turn, means they are rarely used. The Pain Train display the latter end of the scale, where in a coordinated environment Soldiers and Demomen alike will use the Pain Train as a default if they do not wish to use other options, as it does not affect the playstyle of the player as a whole. Weapons should be designed so that they follow distinct roles that can easily be discerned from others. If done properly, this ensures that all weapons see common usage.
Overtly specific roles
While lacking an individual function can be the killing factor of a weapon, so too can be having far too individual of a role. While the addition of being able to swap out weapons in the battlefield has alleviated the issue with having to respawn to change your current weapon set, this has still remained a prominent issue. Players most often pick whatever weapon will allow them to accomplish a goal, while also being able to do other things afterwards. Rarely do players pick weapons that will be of no use to them later on. Hence why stock weapons are among the most popular weapons overall, even if relative to other available options they may be cheaper. Take the Liberty Launcher as a weapon overall- Due to it’s low damage output per rocket, it functions mainly as an anti-light class rocket launcher, paired up with the high rocket speed it functions greatly against Scouts; Yet poorly against most other classes. Which has caused it to remain the lesser used of Soldier’s Rocket Launchers. Although weapons must be specialists to be balanced relative to stock, try to keep them functioning at a level where they can still be useful overall.
Effective range
An often neglected aspect of weapon balancing is the weapon’s effective range. Some weapons are better suited for close range combat, others for combat at range. Some classes are even built entire to be functional with a specific effective range. The class that a weapon is built for highly dictates at what range their weapons should be effective. For comparison, a Pyro’s flamethrower is always a close range weapon, Shotguns are more of a mid range weapons, yet weapons such as the Scorch Shot are more effective at range. Classes should be built to have some ability at both close and long range, but they should be focused mainly for close/mid range combat. The reason for this being that the majority of TF2 is not built for long range combat. Take the Loch and Load as a weapon for example. The issue with it in game has never been it’s damage, or it’s clip size. The fault was always that it could hit further away faster than the Grenade Launcher. The Sniper class comes as another example, where he is currently one of the more game breaking classes because of how effective he is at range relative to other classes. Yet in that same vein, you do not want your weapons to be built for close range combat that is too short. Pyro’s flamethrowers constantly have this issue, where the range of the weapon is so small that Pyros fails to function the majority of the time simply due to the range advantage other classes have over the Flamethrower. Try to keep weapons built around mid range combat.
Mobility is health
And vice-versa. The higher mobility a class has, the more effective health the class has. Mobility based weapons can highly influence the game’s damage balancing. A class that has higher mobility can effectively dodge damage, or put themselves in situations where they are less affected by damage. A Scout’s double jump allows them to evade projectiles, while a Soldier’s rocket jumps allow them to stay at heights or positions where they are less likely to get shot at in the first place. In this sense you can see, the higher mobility, the more effective health the class has. In the opposite grain, a Heavy may have the highest health pool, but he remains one of the easier classes to kill when by themselves as they cannot dodge damage; Thus, the Heavy’s effective health is lower than his actual health. If a weapon changes the mobility of a class, be mindful of how much it affects how much the damage can be evaded. And if a weapon affects the health of the class, be mindful of how this might affect the mobility.
Area of denial
Another name for this concept is attrition- The control of territory. Four classes in Team Fortress 2 are built around this, Sniper, Heavy, Demoman and Engineer. Each class functions and executes its mean of territorial control. Sniper and Demoman both run of the aspect of instantly killing the enemy that comes into their territory. While Engineer (more so the sentry) and Heavy both function as roadblocks of sort, where any enemy coming into their effective range take damage over time until they are dead. In a brutally honest sense- Area of Denial is not fun in the basest sense. Players do not like having their routes of access closed, and players do not like being attacked by enemies in their own territory. Even so the line of attrition must exist, the territory controlled by each party must exist. In that sense it is a necessary evil. A sniper carries the advantage of having an infinite distance to both defend and assault from. While a Demo can hold multiple points from the opponents either in the form of traps or attacks. The only thing that balances out the aspect of area of denial is that the effort required by the party to assault the enemy territory must be met with an equal effort from the defending party to hold the ground. This is why classes such as Demoman and Heavy are seen as balanced for both defense and offense, while classes such as Engineer (which do not themselves have to attack the enemy) are seen as extremely unfun- As the Engineer’s sentry does not take as much effort to build as it takes the enemy to outgun it. When designing any area of denial weapon, make sure the user with the weapon has to put in as much work as the player that must attack the area being denied.
Primary weapons define the playstyle
The primary weapon of a class might not be the first weapon slot of a class. Yet even so, every class has some weapon slot where the weapons define entirely how the class will play out. This can range from how the class deals damage to how the class gets around the map, or even how the class goes about building (in the case of the Engineer). Take Spy for example. Many players would say that Spy’s primary weapon is his knives, but it is not the case. While the Spy may be iconicized by his knifes, it is the Spy’s watches that define how he will play throughout the match. Thus, the watch slot is the Spy’s primary weapon. When designing primary weapons, try to focus on building a weapon that fulfils a playstyle.
Secondary weapons reinforcer the playstyle
Similarly to the primary weapons, secondary weapons might not exactly be on the second slot. The purpose of the secondary weapons is to directly augment or reinforce the playstyle of the primary weapon. For example, the Engineer’s Shotgun weapons. They do not dictate how the engineer will play as much as the wrenches do, but they do reinforce how the wrenches will play. Whether it be aggressively or passively is up to the player, but certain weapons fit certain roles better. When creating secondary weapons, try to find a role of a primary weapon, and consider how your secondary weapon will affect the playstyle as a whole.
Tertiary weapons provide utility
For most classes the tertiary weapons are the melee weapons. Tertiary weapons provide neither the direct playstyle, nor the bigger influence to the playstyle. They are primarily spare utility that exists if needed. For the most part, weapons that provide mobility or survivability are used, though there are obvious exceptions. Consider the Medic melee weapons for example, they all function relatively equal for most loadouts, same applies for the Soldier melees. When designing a tertiary weapon, strive to create an extremely generalist weapon that can function overall for most set ups.
Note: Not every class has only one primary/secondary/tertiary weapon
The designation of primary/secondary/tertiary weapon is mainly to designate the relation between usage and design. Some classes may have different combinations of these weapons. Spy for example, could be argued to have one secondary slot and two primary slots (Invis. Watches and Knives), considering how both the knife and watches can change the playstyle of the class. Medic could also be argued to only have one primary weapon and two tertiary weapons, as only the Medigun effectively changes how the Medic is played. How each class is designed in this regard is entirely subjective. But it is worth noting this oddity, as it may influence how you design your weapons and how your experience influences the level to which your weapons are created.
MECHANICS
Team Fortress 2 has, of course, a wide and diverse range of mechanics that dictate how the gameplay flows and forms. To this, it is important to be aware of certain aspects and limitations that might alter how your weapon functions. Certain mechanics are far more prominent and noticeable than others, while others may be less prominent and just as important. Some mechanics may even be so common that players no longer see them as mechanics as much as just a standard part of the game.
Burst healing
As the name implies, burst healing is any form of sudden healing. Most often, it takes a short amount of time, and grants a high amount of health. Burst healing is extremely important in both static and dynamic matters. For the most common static iteration, think of health packs. They provide a direct advantage to holding certain parts of certain maps. While in the dynamic sense, think of burst healing weapons, the Black Box or the Crusader’s Crossbow. Burst healing tilts fights towards whoever owns the health pack or the healing weapon, as it directly affects the time to kill tables of the game. In this regard, any weapon that heals a high amount must do so slowly (as with the Crusader’s Crossbow), while any weapon that can heal quickly should do so minimally (such as with the Black Box or Pretty Boy’s Pocket Pistol relative low health per hit). This also applies to map creators- Put smaller health packs in areas near combat, and keep the larger health packs further away from fighting (so that they are used more for recovery). Be extremely careful when having weapons that can heal in combat. Team Fortress 2 has extremely specific damage over time, or hits to kill, for balancing weapons. In some cases, even a measly 5 health can change how much a class can survive (and that is not just a measly example, five health is the difference of whether or not a Soldier can survive two or three Demoman pills).
Passive healing
On the other side of healing is the passive healing (otherwise called ‘health over time’ for you RTS players). This is healing granted over time in a steady pace. Such as the healing from a dispenser and medigun beam, or the healing provided by the Concheror and Cozy Camper. Healing over time is especially dangerous to deal with, as it most often works throughout combat, making the player with the healing have a greater advantage as the battle goes on. Because of this, you want the healing to have a low baseline in combat, and gradually increasing as the user is out of combat. The Concheror showcases this aspect rather well, out of combat, your healing ramps up to +4 health healed per second, while in combat it lowers to only +1 health per second. The issue with having a single rate of healing while in combat is that it is extremely difficult (if not nigh impossible) to properly balance for it. For example, consider the Concheror before it’s healing was changed; Healing only +2 health per second was not really worthwhile, but healing +3 health per second influences the flow of combat too much. If a weapon heals passively over time, try to keep the lower health barrier as less influential for combat, yet keep the higher end of the healing high enough to be worthwhile as a recovery while the user is out of combat.
Types of damage fall-off
As discussed earlier, certain weapons are more effective at range than others. This is partly in due to how damage fall-off functions. Overall, there are four different types of falloff, each is associated with a different sort of attack style so much that it might as well be part of that attack. But this will be focusing on the calculations of that fall-off.
  1. Most weapons run off of a linear damage fall-off system. Where damage is based on how far away the enemy is. For the majority of weapons, this runs by the standard Hammer Unit (distance units) calculation, “if the enemy is fully hit at this distance the weapon will deal this damage”. Shotguns, Pistols, miniguns, and most bullet based weapons work off of this system of linear damage-to-distance. And most of them tend to lose 50% of their damage at the maximum range of 1024 Hammer Units.
  2. Particle based weapons run off of a particle lifetime calculation. This means that the longer the ‘particle’ (thing that hits) exists, the lower its damage is. Flamethrowers, the Righteous Bison, and the Pomson run off of this system. There is no damage ramp up for any of these weapons, they always start at 100% damage, and lose damage as they go along. If you want a weapon to simulate having damage ramp up if uses particles as it’s method of dealing damage, you will have to give the weapon a higher base damage, and a lower higher damage falloff.
  3. Source distance calculation. This is primarily a feature of Soldier. The damage of Soldier’s rocket launchers are based on how far the soldier is from the enemy at the moment of impact. In effect, this means that the location the Soldier fired the rocket from is not as important as where the soldier is when the rocket hits. Aside from this, the calculations are the same as the linear damage fall-off calculations.
  4. Lack of damage fall-off. While not damage fall-off inherently, it is worth nothing. A limited list of weapons in Team Fortress 2 lack damage fall-off. Demoman Grenade Launchers and Sniper Rifles are prime examples. No matter how far away from the enemy you are, or how close they are to you, you will always do a flat number of damage. This is actually a defining feature of Sentry Guns (and other Engineer buildings). Sentry Guns do not have damage fall-off over range, the damage it deals point blank is the same it deals at range, but Sentry Guns are also not affected by damage fall-off, a rocket shot from across the map will deal the same damage as one shot point blank to a sentry. Keep this in mind when balancing the effective range of Grenade Launchers (specifically think of how unfair the Loch and Load feels), and the health of Engineer buildings.
Damage ramp-up
The inverse of the above. For most weapons in the game, damage is increased linearly for enemies closer than 512 Hammer Units. In effect, this means that the closer you are to the enemy, the more damage your gun will deal. This encourages close range combat, and allows for various weapons to be more effective than others at mid range combat. For example, the Rocket Launcher deals 90 base damage that ramps up to 125% for a maximum of 112 damage point blank, while the Scattergun has 60 base damage (lower than the Rocket Launcher) at mid range which ramps up to 175% for a maximum of 105 damage. This means the Rocket Launcher is more effective at mid range, while a Scattergun deals more damage at close range. Be careful of how much damage your weapons ramp up by, as it severely affects how viable they are. Take the Shortstop (Scout primary weapon) for example, it is nearly one of the most powerful Scout primaries in the game, but since it’s damage only ramps up to 150% (instead of the standard 175% of all other Scout primaries) it remains the weakest Scout primary weapon. If you want your weapon to be a mid range weapon, try to keep the base damage high while the damage ramp up is lower, and vice versa if you want a close range weapon.
Hitboxes and collision hulls
As a lead to the next point, you should be aware that there are two types of ways to register hits. One is based off of the hitboxes of the class, and the other the collision hull of the player. Every class has a different hitbox. A hitbox is a sort of crude set of invisible boxes that exist over the body parts of the player used for mostly hitscan hit detection. Hence the name, HITbox.
A collision hull is pretty different, if not similar. A single big box exists around every player that is used to calculate how the player collides with the world geometry (hence the name, COLLISION hull). The collision hull is a static rectangular prism that does not change orientation or direction at all, no matter which way you turn, it is still pointing in the same direction. This collision hull is also used to register hits with projectiles (rocket launchers, pills, etc.), particles (flamethrower fire), and oddly enough, melee hits.
“Why not use the hitboxes for melee weapons?” you might ask, considering melee weapons use hitscan to calculate hits. Simply put- It hugely lowers the number of facestabs that happen. Currently, facestabs exist due to lag difference between clients- What one player sees is not what the other player sees. The game used to use hitboxes for melee weapons, but that was found to be extremely buggy with Spy’s knives. The downside of this is of course, that melee ranges are extremely messy.
Hitscan vs. Projectile vs. Particle hit registration
Every weapon in the game can be categorized to deal damage in one of these three ways. Your bullet weapons all use a hitscan system to function. Hitscan is the creation of an infinitely long line that is used to calculate whether or not a shot ‘hits’. The hit being wherever the line collides with an enemy’s hitboxes. Hitscan shots are lag compensated, meaning that a shot on your end will always register as a shot server side. You do not have to compensate for your connection.
For the most part, projectiles and particles are very similar. The main difference between the two being the size of the entity that is used for collision. Projectiles have relatively small collision boxes, while particles tend to have noticeably larger collision boxes (save for the Flamethrower, which has projectile-sized collision boxes, while having particle-based damage calculation). This is done to compensate for the following problem: Projectiles and particles, as mentioned earlier, use collision hulls for hit registration. Neither projectiles or particles are lag compensated by the source engine. When you shoot, the data of you shooting is sent to the server, and whenever it registers that you have shot, it creates the projectile/particle on the server side. If your interp settings are at the default (casual reminder to please change them), or you have a bad ping with the server, you will often notice your shots coming out noticeably after you have clicked the button. With projectiles and particles, you have to compensate for your connection. Some games such as Overwatch and CS:GO have lag compensated projectiles, but for the most part, older Source game such as Team Fortress 2 do not lag compensate them. This also applies to collision hulls, which is why melee weapons sometimes seemingly seem to be unable to hit. Due to all the complex issues with projectiles and particles, you need to be extremely careful when dealing with the travelling speed of either. A shot that travels too slow will be less likely to hit, while a shot that travels too fast may be extremely difficult to compensate for (look at the pre-nerf Loose Cannon speed for example).
Stun and slow
To the blunt- Do not ever build weapons around either slowing down the enemy or stunning them. Team Fortress 2 is a deathmatch arena shooter game. Slowing mechanics are more apt for the tactical shooter genre game such as Counter Strike, where aim is not the focus as much as positioning. While stunning mechanics are prominent more in the 3rd person games that are based more on mathematical damage output instead of direct aim skill. There is no real situation where any slowing mechanic can be balanced in Team Fortress 2’s genre, and there is no real justification that can justify stunning an enemy (as it provides a direct advantage in all time to kill tables).
Stunning can only be justified if it is induced to the self. Things such as Heavy’s lunchbox items, or Scout’s drinks are fair, as it is entirely based on the player’s actions, instead of another player's. Try to keep anything that changes how the player can move to be purely based on that player’s own actions.
Knockback
The only fair method of directly changing how an enemy moves is through knockback. Knockback is how much directional force is applied to a player based on how effectively a player was hit. The key portion of knockback is that it is not entirely uncontrollable by the player being affected by it. If you have ever surfed a rocket as a Medic, or ridden minigun bullets as a Scout, then you are familiar with the concept of why knockback is fair- It can be as much of a use to the attacker as it can be for the player being attacked.
Even Pyro’s airblast also used to be based entirely on knockback once upon a time. Depending on the direction of the Pyro was pointing, and how close they were to the enemy, airblast would provide a different amount of knockback. But due to a glitch with ground collision, it was changed to effectively work as a stunlock that removes the enemy’s ability to airstrafe while applying a static amount of upwards knockback. Due to this, be mindful when creating combo-based airblast-centric Flamethrowers.
Time to kill
In simple terms: How long it takes a gun to put an enemy with a certain amount of health at a level where they no longer have health. Certain guns are better at killing certain enemies at certain health levels at certain distances. Time to kill is an extremely important portion of the game, in fact, it can be argued to be the single most important aspect of balancing. If a weapon kills quickly, it will feel unfair to the player getting killed (looking at you, Sniper Rifle and Lock’n’Load). If a weapon kills slowly, why bother with it (just ask the Natascha)? Every class is built around a general set of damage output at certain ranges. Some classes have been fairly toned back in damage in close combat (the Rocket Launcher used to be able to 1-shot light classes, and the Stickybomb Launcher could 2-shot Heavies at full health), while some have been unfairly nerfed (such as the currently irrelevant Needleguns for Medic). Some classes damage output at range have been fairly reduced, while others have not even been changed (which is why the Sniper remains a contester for the most unbalanced classes in the game). The time it takes for a class to kill another is a highly controversial subject even out of context of weapon balancing. A Spy for example, should by all rights be able to kill a Scout or Engineer with two Revolver shots, yet the community believes otherwise. Balance as you will, but keep in mind that how long it takes a class to kill another as others see may not be balanced, while what you believe may also be unbalanced. As a rough guideline, this table has been made:
Time to kill at Range 125HP 150HP 175-200HP 300HP 450HP
Close range (0-512HU) 2 hits 2 hits 2-3 hits 3 hits 5 hits
Medium range(512HU) 2 hits 2-3 hits 2-3 hits 4 hits 5-6 hits
Long range (512-1024 HU) 3 hits 4 hits 4-5 hits 7+ hits Good luck
Sniper Rifle 1-2 hits 1-2 hits 2-3 hits 2-3 hits 3+ hits
  • Do note: Hitscan/particle weapons should be primarily made for close/mid range combat. Team Fortress 2 is not built for long distance combat
BALANCING
The following is the nitty and gritty portion of the list. A tried and tested list of attributes that have either been shown to always work or never work at all.
More/less damage fasteslower
Among the more common type of balancing option that exists, and among the most unbalanced balancing option available. Damage is for the most part, a rather binary balancing option. You must either have more, less, or the same of it. And the speed at which damage is similarly binary, it is either faster, slower, or the same. Having both aspects being changed at the same time can break the prominent time to kill tables of the game just as much as changing a single aspect. It may seem logical to make the changes inversely proportional (Higher damage and slower speed, or lower damage and higher speed), but for the most part this has been shown not to work. Take for example, the Liberty Launcher- It deals less damage faster, and is contester for the least used rocket launcher as it is horrendous for killing overall. Or in the opposite context- the Cow Mangler’s charged shot, one of the more powerful tools in a Soldier’s kit… yet it is practically worthless due to it’s slower firing rate. Damage and speed are not inversely proportional options. You either need a net positive gain with a restricting downside (such as with the Backscratcher’s reduced healing limiting your team synergy), or you need a net loss with a liberating upside (such as with the Gloves of Running Urgently allowing you to have far more mobility).
Damage is not just a number
The numerical number of how much health an enemy will lose on a hit is not the only method of counting damage. Damage can come in many forms of balancing, as it is dynamic. For example, reliability, or effective range. As an example, the Backscatter; It supposedly deals more damage than the Scattergun due to the Mini-crits from the back, but due to the increased bullet spread limiting both its range and its damage reliability, it effectively deals less damage than a Scattergun the majority of the time. For another example, consider the Direct Hit; While in theory the Direct Hit deals more damage per shot than the Rocket Launcher, it is not effectively true, as the reduced splash range limits how reliable and how much damage can be dealt overall to enemies. When balancing a weapon’s damage output, keep in mind not only how much damage is applied, but keeping in mind also how effectively the damage is applied to the enemies.
Speed is reliability
In that same vein of damage. Speed is dynamic, it includes projectile/particle speed, class speed, hit speed, attack speed, so on and so forth. In a short sense, speed is more of a gauge of how reliably you can take someone down at range as opposed to how fast the weapon itself is. A weapon that fires faster is more reliable at killing than a weapon that fires slowly. A projectile that travels faster is a projectile that is more reliable. When you are balancing any speed aspect of a weapon, you need to keep in mind the effectiveness of the weapon. The older Baby Face’s Blaster is a prime example, the weapon gave Scout far more mobility at an easy rate to build, which did not directly give Scout more damage as much as it made it easier to deal damage as Scout, it made Scout more reliable. The Loch and Load is another key example, it’s faster projectiles make the Grenade Launcher (a weapon designed around being unreliable at dealing damage) far more reliable of a weapon, which causes the unchanged damage output that it has to feel as though it deals more damage. Alongside damage, be careful of adjusting speed. Not only can it affect time to kill tables, it can affect how the weapon itself functions.
Passive downside for active upside
A common mistake made by many is to have a weapon whose upsides of damage, speed, or any other sort is balanced by having some passive downside that hinders the user at all times. One weapon that comes to mind for this is the Blutsauger. The Blutsauger costs you survivability throughout the game, unless you are actively using the weapon. This is often quoted as it’s killing aspect- You are effectively always on the downside if you are using a weapon that has a passive downside, which renders the upside less preferable, thus lowering the viability and usability of the weapon as a whole. Try to abstain from this kind of flawed design.
Passive upside for active downside
The opposite of the above. Downsides that only apply when a weapon is being used paired up with upside that apply at all times. Weapons that are built around this are not used by themselves as they function worse than other weapons, yet even so grant passive upsides that are active at all times. The (Pre-Gun Mettle) Pretty Boy's Pocket Pistol serves as a prime example, it granted you +15 health and fall damage immunity at the cost of survivability against Pyros and killing speed. The Pretty Boy’s Pocket Pistol was innate of itself not used often, but it was overtly powerful to simply have equipped, as the upsides gained by it were useful at all times. Another prime showcase of this design was the old Degreaser, you gained faster switch speed across the board at the cost of barely lowered damage, this made the weapon outclass the Flamethrower in all regards except for at actually killing, as it made the secondary weapons exceedingly more powerful. When the upside for a weapon is passive, it always applies a bonus, whereas when a downside is active it's only applied when the weapon is being used. For the majority of players, having a free passive upside is far better than some downside that may never be used. Try to restrain from creating weapons that fall under this criteria.
Higher damage output and lower reliability
Do not try to balance a weapon by making it more random. This is specifically a jab against the Beggar's Bazooka. Even if the randomness is used to a good extent such as with Shotgun and Pistol spread, the balancing aspect of using randomness purely as a method of balancing does not work for Arena Shooter games. Arena Shooter games are built entirely on using weapons to counter enemies with other weapons, but in a way where every player’s action is directly fulfilled with an equal result. If Team Fortress 2 were a tactical shooter sort of game, then the randomness could be justified, but as it currently stands, it is not. This goes from Rocket Launchers to Grenade Launchers to Stickybomb Launchers and all weapons in between.
-10% damage trope
This primarily applies to weapons that use a large number of small hits to account for damage. Primarily Flamethrowers, Miniguns, Pistols, and Needleguns. Damage in Team Fortress 2 is rounded to the nearest whole number, which often times can effectively mitigate the lowered damage output of a weapon. If you want to make a fast-firing weapon do more or less damage, instead change its firing rate. A weapon with -10% damage will only sometimes deal -10% damage, while a weapon with -10% firing speed will always do -10% damage.
Self-sustenance comes at the cost of team synergy
If your weapon allows a class to play better independently, then that weapon should make team synergy less effective overall. The single best example of this is the Black Box for Soldier, the weapon’s upside exists in any scenario where the Soldier is fighting by themselves, while the downside primarily comes into effect when the player has support from team healing. This trade off of capabilities balances out weapons that would otherwise have to suffer from worse downsides. Imagine a Black Box that dealt lower damage per rocket, that would not balance out well, would it now? Of course not, and that is why the trade off of team synergy is more balanced. Another example is the Backscratcher, which makes the Pyro far more functional as a flank class, but since this affects the Pyro’s performance with Medic’s overheal overall, the weapon as a whole is unused in serious environments. A self-sustainable weapon should come at the cost of team synergy, but make sure to not remove team synergy as a whole.
Mobility is granted passively, but must be gained actively
In simpler terms, when you have a weapon that grants mobility, the mobility should be passive. But the terms of which you gain the mobility must be active. You have to do something to gain the mobility, such as using an item, dealing damage to an enemy, launching yourself with explosives, etc. Look for the Gunboats for an example of this. They passively grant you the upside of lowered blast damage (higher mobility), but you only get the upside when you do the action of rocket jumping. The same property applies with many speed-boosting melee weapons. You move faster with those weapons passively, but you can only get the mobility boost while you do the action of having the weapons out. Make the reward passive, but make the action just that- an act.
Author’s note
Build weapons for the offense
I will say this as a final statement of what the overarching design of weapons should be. NEVER build a weapon to be used only in a defensive environment. Even with borderline overpowered weapons such as the Scottish Resistance (your read right) and Brass Beast, weapons built to only be used on the defensive will remain underused. Why? Because Team Fortress 2 is not a game built on defense, it is built on two teams trying to out-attack each other. Defensive weapons are not in the nature of the game, and because of this, don’t make them. Make weapons for the offense. You’ll have a much better time making an Engineer viable for the offense than any other class made for defense. So keep things on the offense, be offensive for the sake of being offensive.
And remember, these are just guidelines. There are exceptions to every rule, and I may not agree with them, but I am not always right. If you think you can justify it, feel free to break the guidelines. But I’ll be damned if I won’t argue against you. Cheers, and go design some weapons already.
submitted by SileAnimus to TF2WeaponIdeas [link] [comments]

DEVCON2 report: Day 2 - More session notes & photos

Previous days
Day info
In the evening there was a party up on the rooftop of Bar Rouge http://www.bar-rouge-shanghai.com/
It had a beautiful view over the Shanghai bund. Many people there, but plenty of space to fit everyone. There was some lovely very striking Chinese artwork on the walls http://imgur.com/tWmNTpE http://imgur.com/vB4spwH http://imgur.com/U8gSgu2 http://imgur.com/b2eXPzZ
During the day, Ethereum Tshirts were made available for sale. But less than 30 minutes later most sizes were completely sold out! http://imgur.com/iJR0FHd http://imgur.com/W6mgkDb
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Sessions
Lots of formal verification sessions in the morning. The afternoon was more dev tools. I was excited about Truffle
Smart contract security
Showed the 1 line mistake that caused The DAO re-entry attack. Pro tip: tag your untrusted accounts in the contract. e.g. Name the variable something like _untrusted_account https://github.com/Consensys/smart-contract-best-practices https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/Safety
Prepare for failure. Be aware that unknown exploits can be found. Put in escape hatches / kill switches Roll out carefully and test "The strongest swords are forged by continuously putting them in the fire" External calls to other contracts: Try to avoid calling untrusted contracts (one written by someone else). It only takes 1 mistake in an external contract to expose you. Either from a bug, or from your external contract then calling another malicious contract. Use send(), avoid call.value()() Handle errors in raw calls. Raw calls do not propogate exceptions. e.g. if(!address.send()) An attacker could construct a call to max out the call stack, so that when your contract tries to make any calls they fail. Favour PULL over PUSH for payments
Visualising Security
https://github.com/Raineorshine/solgraph How can you spot smart contract vulnerabilities Static analysis can help analyse the code without executing it (like checking for null, then using a variable anyway). Builds up an AST (Abstract Syntax Tree) which can be explored. Created solgraph to do this Dynamic analysis is done by running unit tests (e.g. you can use the Ruby test runner from yesterday's presentation)
Ethereum Security Overview
Can try to manage risk by reducing the likelihood or impact. Security concerns include things like wallets, gaming the system, denial of service
End users wallets isolation: Can reduce your impact by using a hot wallet with a small amount in it. Cold wallets to hold more of it securely There are some hardware based wallets can help secure your wallets Then frozen wallets to keep them offline. Ethereum valut by @Arachnid. Multi sig wallets can help reduce the likelihood
Contracts: When calling another contract, if they use randomness WHERE do they source it from? Can it be gamed? Can anyone access it before you? Sybil attacks (attacker using multiple identities) to game against you Can anyone rage quit and lock up the contract by not interacting with it any more
DAPPS: Use HTTPS, BUT DO NOT USE CDNs Someone could inject malicious JS that will modify your DAAP and redirect payments to another address. Have an upgrade path (for both code and data). Check invariants, use escape hatches / emergency breaks Many potential contract vulnerabilities (see previous talks) Favour PULL over PUSH for payments
Formal verification for Solidity
Writing code correctly is hard. It is easy to test for desired behaviour (the happy path). Hard to check absence of undesired behaviour. Formal verification can help find undesired behaviour. The specifications are usually compiled down to why3 or f* Showed a Why3 GUI that shows your code and highlights lines that are not passing (e.g. because a line doesn't satisfy the conditions that it can't integer overflow.
Microsoft released a research paper allowing the conversion of Solidity & EVM code to f*.
Parity's innovations
Written in Rust (type safe. Memory safe). Is modular, you can tweak it or use preset config files. High transaction throughput. Low latency. Low footprint (suitable for IoT devices). Unsafe APIs are disabled be default. Advanced eafutures like state trie pruning (redued disk space) snapshotting, warp sync, private chains including PoA
Imandra Contracts: Formal Verification for Ethereum Completely tuned out for this. It was very much like a sales pitch, just talking itself up.
Ether.camp annual summary
Released Ethereum Studio. Is available on Azure as an easily deployable Virtual Machine https://azure.microsoft.com/en-in/documentation/templates/ethereum-studio-docker-standalone-ubuntu/ Will help you write unit tests. Spin it up, execute, tear down. A partnership with Santander. Ethereum Cash. You can tie an Ethereum account to a bank account. More info at http://www.coindesk.com/santander-vies-become-first-bank-issue-digital-cash-blockchain/ Created a virtual accelerator hack.ether.camp
Metamask - Bridging ethereum to browsers
Ease of adoption is their core goal User flow. You download, generate a vault (with a deterministic keyphrase). Enter phone number, credit card details, and you can get Ether directly into your metamask account. Done 33 releaes. 12k users. Extension currently runs on chrome. Is ready to be pushed to opera, firefox & Edge RPC requests to a trusted node. Intercepts the RPC calls within the DAPP to redirect to Metamask Feature Requests: Multiple account types (e.g. uPort, remote key stores), make the browser a light client
Building the Light Client Ecosystem
Quick sync (up to 0k headers/sec) 30 secs - 5mins for a full sync (dependant on CPU) Low resource requirements (DB <100mb, RAM < 500mb) RPC interface compatibile with full nodes. Mist already works with it Because light clients rely on full nodes and put higher workload on them, there are some thoughts about having a basic throttled "free" service, and a paid priority system that will give more resources. There are difficult future concerns around scalability. In a future sharded world, may need multiple full nodes to cover all the shards. Future work: do complex operations on server side. Define a "SuperCM" that can answer any question about the chain. Generalised off chain computing for accessing data.
Import Geth: Ethereum from Go and beyond
Geth is one of the 3 origin clients. Evolved throughout the Ethereum prototyping. Needed to include everhtying to develop on top. Followed the Geth -> Mist -> Dapps architecture. Using Geth as a library isn't a good option at the moment. has started to collect technical debt, from prototypes being rapidly iterated on. Geth 1.5 is a concentrated effort to make Geth a library. Client side account management, Remote node APIs, native bindings to contracts, in-process ethereum client Chain exploration, state querying and event subscription over IPC, HTTP or WebSocket. Native contracts. Can generate a Ethereum ABI GO binding that GO code can use? Can create a solidity wrapper for go? In process nodes lets you hose a node within your app. Saves you telling someone to "please go and install an ethereum node". What about supporting this on iOS & Android? Geth 1.3 already ran on mobile platforms. Released an embeddable library in Dec 2015, but is really a proof of concept. Mobile in-process nodes. Easier to call API locally now.
Developing Scalable Decentralized Applications for Swarm & Ethereum
Web 2.0 has issues around scaling & centralised control. When moving to Web 3.0 we need a general purpose distributed backend (swarm/bzz). Said there MAY be interoperability with IPFS. They hope that it will share a lot of the underlying principals with IPFS. I HOPE this happens! Well leverage network effects from IPFS. Logic being pushed to clients (logic in JS in browser, in native mobile
Swarm high level API. URL begins with the collection root hash (like IPFS) bzz:///imgs/example.jpg Can do root hash registration to a friendly name (like IPFS's IPNS) bzz://some.friendly.name/imgs/example.jpg Put static and dynamic data within swarm. Put global state changes onto the blockchain. Local client side only state changes can be stored locally (and optionally backed up to blockchain/swarm) Execute logic locally, but verify it on chain.
Example Dapp Distributed photo album. Webapp resources & data hosted in swarm. Current root hash of collections published to blockchain. Optimised image, thumbnails, etc. are generated client side before uploading (just like facebook, etc. do) Possibility to instead do delegated computation, put the files in swarm, get someone else to process it.
Dapple Dev Workflow
https://github.com/nexusdev/dapple https://github.com/nexusdev/dappsys Dapple looks like a critical thing to integrate into your development suite! If you are into devops, I definitely recommend watching this vid later to see how you could integrate testing flows. http://Dapphub.io EVM Dev Multitool for helping with Dapp developments. Has EVM extensions Has a shared data model "Dappfile". Is a package/dapp descriptor format. Shared global runtime environment blurs line between code packages & deployed code objects. Can chain fork, to help you when testing contracts. Can find dependencies. Custom linker Test harness to use a contract to test other contracts Use the chain forking in your tests. Take live chain, fork, insert your test contract, fork before you call each test method. Deploy: Wallet side scripting. Hijacks call and create, and redirects to side chains. So you can do some dry runs.
Solidity for Dummies
Solidity is a higher level language. Looks like Javascript, but with types. Shame they didn't just use TypeScript ;-) Maybe Solidity 2.0 can migrate to using TypeScript. Solidity is compiled to EVM. Once it is in the EVM it is isloated. Public functions are callable by anybody. That is your contract public surface area / exposed APIs. Contract standards are beginning to emerge e.g. ERC20 interface for tokens. Having a standard for token meant that the community can do cool things, like etherscan.io that lets you look up tokens in the block chain, or EtherEx that is a decentralised token exchange. Lots of IDEs & tools you can use with solidity. Ethereum Studio, Visual Studio, Vim. Solgraph, truffle, dapple, embark.
Getting started guide https://www.reddit.com/ethereum/comments/4ws9um/rethereum_rules_and_getting_started_guide/
New and future features of Solidity
Initial goals of solidity: statically typed. Easily readable. High level. Uses little gas. What has happened in the last year? Build custom types. Internal library functions. Source mapping via AST, for solidity code to EVM, assists with debugging. Future: Formal verification. Authenticated sources & binaries via swarm. Templates. Functions as 1st class citizen. New notation for parallel / async programs
How to create advanced Dapps using embark
Compatible with any build pipeline Supports contracts TDD using Javascript Manages deployed contracts, deploys only when needed (and dependent contracts) Manages different chanes (e.g. testnet, pribate net, livenet) Support for both Solidity and Serpent Contract instances, like inheritence. Embark 2 goals. Facilitate communication between contracts. A cool dashboard, shows which contracts have been deployed, available services (geth whisper, IPFS) EmbarkJS futures: promises and named parameters. Automatic type conversion. Communication abstraction, allows you to plug in supported providers like whisper, etc. Storage abstraction provider (swarm, etc.)
Truffle Development Ecosystem and Future of Ethereum Development Tools
http://truffleframework.com/ https://github.com/ConsenSys/truffle
Truffle is the most widely used Ethereum development framework. 17k+ downloads In v1 Compiliation, deployment, bootstrapping, abstractions, unit testing, quick development. In v2 Network management, Migrations, Modularity, Documentation. Going towards Truffle v3 Ethereumjs-testrpc allows instant mining, account creation, HD wallet support, deterministic. Allows you to fork from any available chain, for a new development chain (sounds like chain forking in Dapple). Take the live chain, fork it, then try developing against contracts in the live net on your dev fork. Solidity unit testing Npm integratoin "npm install my-package". Import sol contracts. Webpack integration. Ether-pudding allows you wo watch for events. Futures: Solidity 0.4 support, better network management, more integrations, more boilerplate, more tutorials.
ENS: Ethereum (Domain) Name System
Why do we need "yet another name service". To allow you to name wallets, files, etc on top of Swarm & IPFS. Existing name servies are ironically centralised within a single place or contract.
What makes a good name service? Separation of concerns, distributed authority, forward compatibility, efficient on-chain resolution. Components: Registrars, ENS Registry, Resolvers. ENS Registry maps the name (hack.eth, nick.hack.eth) to the resolver Resolver is a simple contract that lets you set the address for a name, look up names, etc. Registrars, let people be in charge of a TLD (.eth) and then allow people to register under them (automatically through a smart contract). Initially an auction based registration. Only names under .eth are available.
Making Smart Contracts Smarter: Oyente
https://github.com/ethereum/oyente Smart contracts == one-shot programs. Self executed, cannot patch. Solidity is similar but not the same as Javascript. Original contract code is not always available (but the new solidity feature of putting onto swarm may fix this). Too many smart contracts to manually decompile EVM and check them all. Oyente is a new analyzer for smart contracts. Use cymbolic executions. Detects all popular bugs TOD (transaction ordering dependence), Timestamp dependence, re-entrancy, mishandling exceptions. TOD: Observed state != execution state. The state may change between when you submit a transaction and it is executed. Someone can watch transactions being submitted looking for a critical execution, could quickly snipe and enter your own transaction into the transaction pool as well with a higher fee to try and get yours executed before the other person. Timestamps: Can be manipulated by miners. Oyente Symbolic execution. Can build a tree of every branch and possible execution and run over it. Can detect bugs, test generation, and go over all possible paths.
Beyond the Bubble
Overcoming education and adoption challenges for the Blockchain industry. He is a technical evangelist for blockchain. Last month went and spoke to US gov to advise FBI, CIA, etc. Wants to help grow the blockchain beyond just us very early adopters. Fintech is rapidly developing blockchain solutions. IoT, energy & medical are looking towards adoption. Longer term, governments & non profits.
Why do normal people care? Internet still functions off 1970s tech: Our data is sent in plaintext, leaked by companies, our identities are stolen by hackers, our behaviour is mined and monetized by advertisers. People are beginning to understand the need to have same privacy and security guarantees online as they do offline. Things should be encrypted by default. "Own your own data"
Infura. Ethereum & IPFS infrastructure
https://infura.io/ How do devs ensure that users have access to Ethereum & IPFS. How to make it easier for users to jump in. Didn't show anything. Just talked (only had 10 mins). There was a services called Ferryman that can talk to the IPFS/Ethereum network. Apparently being used by Metamask, uport, regis, truffle.
Testing Ethereum Consensus
There are HEAPS of ethereum clients (Geth, Parity, etc). How can we ensure that they all come to the same consensus? By using a suite of tests. State tests, Blockchain tests, http://ethdocs.org/en/latest/contracts-and-transactions/ethereum-tests/
CarbonVote: A Gauge for Human Consensus
http://Carbonvote.com "Machines serves human. Carbon over silicion. Consensus from community". (use people to make a decision, not computers). Machine consensus is just a tool for human consensus.
Sikorka – Ethereum meets the Outdoors
A system that facilities deploying smart contracts in real world locations. Enables smart contracts to interface with environment. Provide "proof of presence" that a user is indeed in correct location. Potential uses: loyalty programs offering discounts to people visiting specific locations. Proving attendance in a location for official purposes e.g. administrative, corporate, AR games. Proof or Presence: using mobile phones and software - geolocation data (can be spoofed) use a challenge question (e.g. what is the last word on a monument's plaque). Scannable QR codes, RFID tags, beacons. Sikorka works by deploying contracts that follow a specific interface. Interaction with contract only happens after PoP.
Remix and Other Ethereum Development Tools
https://github.com/ethereum/remix smart contract debugging Is a NPM module. Looks very early stage. Says it can be integrated into other tools like Dapple, truffle, ethereum studio, Visual Studio, etc.).
Mango: Git Completely Decentralized
https://Github.com/axic/mango Git on Ethereum, IPFS & Swarm Harder to take down a central repo (e.g. Github) Proof of existence for source coode. Ethereum is a decentralised system. Its source code should be available in a decentralised manner. Using IPFS or Swarm, the files are chunked up and stored. So if you have a large file that only changes a few bytes, it can de-dupe and only store the chunks with differences. Git is a merkle tree. IPFS/Swarm directly store as a merkle tree/dag (There are some good talks by Juan Bennet from IPFS talking about how you can do this)
Naïve implementation, store everything in a contract on a blockchain, would cost 50M ether
Useful implementation, store objects in IPFS or Swarm to store the data off chain. Then map the IPFS identifies to git identifiers. Save those identifiers on the blockchain so you know what to look up.
Hook it up so that a git push updates the commit hash to contract, then pushes to IPFS. Reduces gas cost to 140,000 down from 5m Every git repo has its own contract. Future work could let you expose your git repo via ENS (Ethereum Name Service) e.g. solidity.ethereum.mango.eth Future of Mango: store release notes within git. Store issues within git. Store pull requests. Create user friendly web frontends
submitted by DavidBurela to ethereum [link] [comments]

Jack of all trades, Master of none tips?

TL;DR: I had no idea that it'd be this long or that it took 4 hours to type(ADD for you :P). Below is last 4 years journey into programming as a profession with a bunch of unlucky breaks along the way. I've developed a wide range(mostly by circumstance rather than choice) of dev/IT skills but none of them feel strong enough for me to land a regular dev/IT job. I lack relevant degree and the roles that I do get pay min wage for me to do a vast amount of things on my own, I'm in my thirties and want to change that, advice?
Adobe AIFlash - ActionScript on mobile platforms Bit of a background. Sunk myself into a bunch of debt studying for something I was interested(art/design related) in but didn't really have much work opportunities in my country at the time. After graduating(2012) and job hunting for about 8 months, my job at the time(4 years in), I got a call from Learning and Development department about a small flash game I made when I started at the company(I had been doing light programming with flash mostly as a hobby since 2004). So they brought me on to do an e-learning project, I had been playing with Starling(GPU accelerated) which made Adobe AIR on mobiles actually viable. Over the span of a year I learnt a bunch and optimized the app pretty well, going as far as to improve the bitmap font renderer to chunk paragraph of texts effectively when scrolling(ok, performance with flash was still pretty poor in some areas even with the GPU :p), I had tried to push heavy text content to be delivered by PDFs but management was against it. That work benefited since I modified the parser to include symbols/images or interactive content within the text document(all loaded externally for easy edits without compilation by staff, built a basic template engine with some pooling). Anyway, this was all under the table and once it was done to the point of proving itself as successful in field tests I was given the boot ha.
Decided if I can't get hired for what I'm qualified in, I'll get out of my job(actual one without the flash dev) and make my hobby into a career. Welp, thanks to Steve Jobs flash dev demand had really gone downhill(probably a good thing for me).
Exploring new territory - Software Testing Got into a short course that was on software testing, it was poorly taught, I was confused about one thing and told I was wrong, mocked by tutor and students, later to find out through leading industry professionals that were regulars in a google group, that I was actually the one who was right.... That course then had some "test" with little information to assist us that you'd expect on the job(couldn't get answers to any basic questions) to test and find bugs on some poor quality foreign website(supposedly actual free/paid work for the tutors clients/friends). It had gotten to a point I saw no value in it, left the course to teach myself online. Passed the ISTQB exam, went to meetup groups, wasn't really digging the career path(job hunt wise, there wasn't much opportunities based on the piece of paper and basic skills I had, most were after mid/senior or some other complimentary skill). During meetups automated testing sounded interesting though. Overall course was not worth 2k it was charging(didn't pay this though as was government funded initiative due to shortage in software testers....right).
Exploring new territory - C# Tried another short course, this one offered free entry with basic programming skills on the basis you'd make payments towards $5k once you secured a job through the education provider. Sounded great, time to learn C#! Again ran into some quality issues, the tutor who was a Senior dev made multiple poor choices that I questioned, I lost interest/faith once we got to the "group" project at the end, I didn't participate beyond reviewing the code by students and advising on where things could be improved. There was a voluntary project for a real company doing a presentation at a TEDx event, it even had a small 3 figure payment on completion. Three other students also volunteered and I was made lead. I had never touched HTML/JS/CSS before beyond viewing source of pages when I was young. The project involved tweening tweets on a big display in realtime and doing some colour transitions(radial gradient BG) based on colour associated to the hashtag paired with the event tag, and a few other features. I had a good idea how to handle that and confident due to my design studies so took the role none of the other devs wanted, assigned two to the backend and another to a simple bootstrap UI for the iPad(feature dropped as they were unable to deliver declining any help I offered). One of the backend devs did a PHP implementation but dropped out for personal reasons halfway through, the other student tried their best and got some assistance via the tutor to reimplement in C# with SQL(we had to support replays with a timescale for speakers to see how their talk was received.), I assisted where I could but was rather swamped on my end with several unexpected issues that cropped up. I ended up pulling an 80 hour week including being flown to the city the event was held at to provide on-call support.... which was required as someones tweet crashed the database!). At one point I had to quickly make a change to the site with no access to a computer nearby, I FTP'd to the webserver and edited the files on my slow 4 year old android phone. Overall great success, but I found myself really enjoying web dev over C# and microsoft technologies. The class all thought I'd be the first to get a job, I was probably one of the last :)
Self teaching myself web development I spent the next year and a half learning as much as I could about web development, unemployed I would often wake up and read until it was time to sleep, trying out some coding(though not as much as I probably should have done), most of the time it was building an understanding of various topics, analysis paralysis with the abundance of choice which was numbing compared to my ActionScript/Flash days and forming opinions to settle on and learn more about based on my own interests, what I believed/understood to be worth the time or was in demand by employers(didn't buy into PHP or AngularJS despite their job demand), I got into Node.JS and ES6. I wanted to play with Vagrant and Docker, graph databases like Neo4j, NoSQL like MongoDB, different frontend frameworks and tools(as well as the ones with node.js like express/koa, gulp, phantomjs, webpack, etc), template engines, mapbox(similar to google maps), ansible/salt and more. I figured I'd start with something small like doing the backend of the TEDx project with NodeJS and Mongo instead.
Job hunting Often when opportunities presented themselves however, I'd completely drop what I'm doing/learning and try to make the most of those(income or job application tests). Most employers through HR or agencies would turn me down due to no related degree, I'd be told I am not passionate or serious about a career as a developer. The growing gap in employment surely wasn't helping either! I had some success with an application/interview spanning over 2 months for a large company with a web department. I had made it down to the final 5 candidates, my technical test didn't pan out the best, I completely understood the answers the ended up wanting but was having difficulty arriving their based on what they were saying and expecting me to say. This was for a position that would take 3 hours to get their via transport with a mandatory 8am start. I figured if I could land the role I'd be able to move nearby in a month or so. Declined but offered an internship for 3 months to develop a dashboard to track metrics and produce a report. I asked some questions such as will I be responsible for the whole development, can I make my own choices on tech or can we leverage existing solutions instead of from scratch, would I have a mentosupervisor that I can get guidance from if needed). I was told if I have to ask questions like that I'm not right for the job and lost my chance at the internship..
Take a break from web studies/job-searching doing Lua game mods and some Python Little disheartened after the long job hunt and study getting no where, I didn't seem able to compete. I took a break from it all and started creating mods for a popular FPS co-op game. I also created a basic level editor earlier that year that imported the game data(JSON) into Maya(3D content program) with Python, then adjust it or import your own additions and export via Python to Lua that my Lua mod would import and allow for custom levels or other fun spawning prefabs. I decided to take on a challenge and do what no one else had luck with, increasing the max amount of players permitted in a networked level. I probably spent far too much time on that, got something tangible by December, and later in 2016 spent all 4 days of my easter weekend finishing it up for release, it was very popular within the community. Guides, discussions and youtube video's appeared for a while....but this work didn't seem like it'd help with securing a job in where I had put my efforts.
Transitioned from Windows to Linux full time After new years, my laptop running windows 8.1 wouldn't boot, the bootloader corrupted. Turns out it was due to fastboot feature having a random chance to cause that, I spent about 2 days trying to troubleshoot it with my phone browser. The solutions I came across were of no help, I booted into a live CD of linux and backed up what files I could to an external drive. Might as well get back into linux I thought so time to install Ubuntu and see what's changed since 2008. Lots of fun problems to solve, from installers with UEFI compatibility issues(had to learn to change this in BIOS), to installers giving me a black screen because my GTX960m didn't yet have proper support in Nouveau. Not long in I learn about QEMU/KVM for virtualizing Windows on top of linux with near native performance (93-98%) with full access to the GPU via passthrough. Sounds fun, so I learn a bunch and write notes, but there is quite a bit of difficulty following the various sources where some information is useful but others not, decide I might as well convert my notes into a decent markdown blogpost to help others out. By the end of it I had switched to Arch Linux and learnt that despite all other hardware meeting requirements, the mobile GPU writes to the Intel iGPU framebuffer. Accomplishing this at the time was not going to happen :( Continued use of linux especially with Arch involved quite a bit of maintenance and learning.
4 years since initial graduation got my first official dev job at a startup The guy I developed the TEDx project for reached out to me offering work at his Startup. Hell yeah a job, my bank account will finally see something positive :) Unfortunately it wasn't doing web development, but there were two devs working there already and I get paid to code fun IoT/home automation project stuff! Got a computer purchased at local store for me to put together and use that very day. Set it up to run Arch like I have at home, was comfortable in it now and it seemed pretty good for doing dev work on. Those two other devs didn't stick around for long, one was still doing CompSci at uni, they had been working on a Xamarin app to control the various devices in the office with, but kept running into bizarre issues. I didn't know Xamarin or C# well but pitched in where I could, some problems that troubled him were a breeze for me to solve. The other one was a recent graduate doing web development on contract, "cool!" I thought. Unfortunately neither knew how to use git, or familiar with Agile practices, nor cared much for documentation.. I was confused why the web developer used plain CSS and jQuery with all their code in a single JS file. Their HTML was based off some bootstrap template with heavy copy/paste instead of a templated languaged that would avoid the DRYness....little did I know I'd have to later do some maintenance on this without being authorized to fix it since it was functionally working to management and not worth time to refactor for future maintenance work.
Saved company a bunch of money While working there, I learnt a proprietary solution we were using, wrote documentation for it for future developers, multiple times I tried to communicate problems with that vendors software and better alternatives available while being told "deal with it, it's the best in the industry"(without any backing statistics/tests). It wasn't until the issues become glaringly obvious and the high costs to go forward with it(we were on an evaluation license) that management listened to the voice of reason. I did some research so I could back up my claims and presented a very popular and actively developed plus sponsored open source project. I spent time getting familiar with it and how to set it up, what drawbacks/limitations might exist(some features needed work but I believed I could contribute what was needed to get it on par), documenting and being sure that it was a solid replacement among the many other benefits it had going for it over the proprietary vendor solution.
Making tech choices On top of that, I picked up React-Native and Redux which was great to work with using ES6, as a solo developer with what I assume was not an ordinary workload being able to share the same codebase for both iOS and Android(plus any other supported platforms) was a great boon, the performance and dev features/speed were great compared to my other options. The choice also mixed great with my NodeJS background I had been building up prior to the job. I felt I made the right choice, setup some backend services to communicate with the larger open source project with our own additions over websockets to the mobile app. I designed the MVP app similar to my e-learning app from previous work but using JSON instead of YAML, and the JSON was generated/cached based on DB queries. The design gave a modulaflexible UI that adapted between phone and tablet.
Getting familiar with embedded IoT dev with C After that we had a business opportunity to pursue. An electronics engineer reverse engineered some products communication protocol, providing serial connection details and hex codes. It was my job to put together some hardware(Arduino) that would eavesdrop on that communication to the devices touchpad controller and allow us to control the device via the Arduino. I enjoyed learning about some protocols like InfraRed in an earlier project but this was a step up for me, I had never worked with C and struggled with the lack of features I take for granted with scripting/dynamic languages. Parsing the binary/hex output into packets and verifying/identifying them and responding with the correct timing was the biggest hurdle for me. I only had one UART serial connection to work with, having to manually switch between listen/send, with limited buffer for the bytes as well as not blocking the device from updating it's controller and keeping that controller responsive while still being able to inject our own instructions as if we were the controller or device providing updates. Debugging I had no idea how to go about, this was hardware, not what I'm used to where I have breakpoints in code and can view the current state. I did naive debugging with text logging via serial, but this was a bad idea since processing that affected timing causing more bugs! :D It was semi viable in some situations as long as the string was minimal, error codes instead of descriptions or long values.
Feelings of success I got that embedded IoT project to work as we wanted in the end, being controlled by the NodeJS server or mobile phone app, we demo'd the product to the company that owns/sells the device product and they loved it and were amazed at what we achieved. This was a client with big money and international business. I know my code wasn't great but I learnt this and pulled it off in a reasonably short time, I felt proud of this milestone, a company like that being so impressed and seeing value in what I had done almost entirely by myself(didn't have the reverse engineering chops yet). So this was going to go ahead, I enjoyed the project and wanted to learn more so I read up a bunch on MCUs and SBCs, sensors and the like to get a good feel what is out there, what we could do with them, flexible designs for a product so we could provide a similar service for other companies. Management wasn't too happy with their sole developer being distracted by such education efforts and wanted me to focus on other tasks(I did a bunch of this after work in spare time as it really interested me, side note I have a problem where I get rather consumed with what I work on/learn, I'll chalk it up to my ADD). I had done my job creating the MVP, negotiations were to go ahead, so I'm moved back to the core product.
Craving to learn more Management wants to begin beta testing on some hardware they're ordering(small headless servers), anyone(company members only at present) beta testing the product will have to fork out a few hundred for this themselves. I state we could totally test on considerably cheaper hardware with SBCs like Pi's, CHIP($9) or Pine64($29) for example...get the usual no stay out of it. Week or so later hardware arrives.
Linux, filesystems, automation and network installs My next task is to install an OS onto these machines that have no monitor output or keyboard/mouse. Automated PXE install(never actually done it before) sounds good, problem is the network availability from these machines were unreliable on boot. Ran into a few issues, but after learning about PXE(which turned out not to be viable), I came across iPXE. We got a new batch of machines, these newer models BIOS didn't support iPXE like the older ones....burned iPXE image to USB, got a serial console setup and chainloaded the kernel and initial ramdisk over an http server via ipxe script. Had issues with Debian/preseed/drivers but openSUSE went pretty well(planned to later use AutoYast with Ansible to automate the whole thing and get it all in git for traceability). BTRFS on a small SSD though(openSUSE default partition) wasn't a good idea as I soon found myself running out of space, thankfully I had been reading up on the various filesystems with pros/cons prior, especially on BTRFS knowing that was the default and how it's quite different from the usual ones(read about it often on news blogs I follow for years). Dealt with the issue but had some other problems that seemed BTRFS specific with Docker(deploying projects with Docker for the benefits it brings), decided initially I'll stick to what I'm most familiar with EXT4 and repartitioned. Documented, investigated, filed issues along the way.
Burnout, "developers are a dime a dozen", am I cut out for this professionally During that job I had stressed myself into a burnout, I've left out many other things especially on those that I looked into heavily but didn't quite get time to implement, such as CI/CD systems for mobile apps(all planned out and decided on), dev machines(zsh with dot files and package list to install, arch and osx, mostly planned out in anticipation for new devs we were going to bring on a while back), additional projects and protocols to be clued up on, project management processes/workflow(again for new devs that didn't end up happening). I felt this was stretching myself very thin, that I wasn't getting the opportunity to grow in any particularly area for my career, I was okay in various areas and understood things well, but my coding was not to the quality/speed I'd like, I was forgetting things that I'd have to relearn. I complained to management at one point I felt this was unrealistic to expect a developer to cover so many areas(web dev, mobile dev, embedded, sysadmin/devop, design/tech decisions(architecture?), etc) as common place, and task them to frequently switch between these areas/contexts. I was told "Developers are a dime a dozen". I disagreed that anyone sane would be doing all these things for minimum wage(I did like the freedom of development choices and growing my skills, no one else wanted to hire me to code, what's a bit of sanity? ), it was becoming a problem, I didn't sign up for all of this, and thought I'd finally have other developers to work with, maybe even learn from.
Resignation. Where to now I resigned from that job after a meeting revealed how little I was valued(among other things), despite my honest belief that without my efforts they would not have been able to afford the talent needed to achieve where they are today. But now I'm back to the job hunt with an obvious lack of good reference from the company I spent half a year at. I feel I have a broad range of skills, not many employers will be interested as they advertise for more honed skillsets... I might be perfect for a startup, but I'm not fond of the chances going through previous experiences again. Do I try to promote my range of dev/IT skills or do I spend time unemployed until I'm good enough for a junior role in one skillset such as web dev? I'm in my thirties now and would like to earn more than minimum wage doing what I love.
submitted by kwhali to cscareerquestions [link] [comments]

Discussion: YAwriters Demographic Survey Results

Over the course of several months last year, we asked you to take part in a demographic survey. We were curious because of a similar survey conducted at /writing and wanted to:
  1. Make sure we were repping/serving the community that's actually here.
  2. See whether the demos of the subs were the same or radically different.
This data was taken in Spring of 2014 and represents a snapshot of that particular time. Our sub has grown a bit, though it's reasonable to assume that the userbase hasn't changed radically. /writing currently has over 141,000 users, and we're just shy of 2,500.
Thanks to bethrevis for setting up the survey up and HUGE THANKS to smallfruitbat for crunching the data, which wasn't in the easiest format. She also made the lovely charts and graphs as well as a verbal walk through you'll see quoted throughout:
The 19-question survey had 176 respondents, giving a response rate >10% at the time of survey close. At that time, /YAwriters was capturing approximately 150 unique visitors a day and had a subscription base of ~1700.
When side accounts are considered, this suggests that the survey grabbed information from lurkers as well as regular contributors...In comparison, an informal survey covering similar questions in the /writing subreddit captured 793 responses in a default subreddit with >100,000 users, a response rate <1%.
HERE ARE YOUR DEMOGRAPHIC RESULTS
Not everyone answered every question, so you may see percentages change as blanks are omitted between data sets.
LOCATION
We’re a N. American based website and no surprise, N. American users are our largest userbase. But we also have a lot of Australians relative to population. Figs. 0. & 1.
For the record, the top 3 countries for overall Reddit use compared to population are: Canada 21%, USA 15%, Australia 13%. Source: http://www.redditblog.com/2013/12/top-posts-of-2013-stats-and-snoo-years.html
GENDER
Overwhelmingly female. Just shy of 70% w/ less than 1% identifying as non-binary, genderqueer, or other. Meanwhile /writing was nearly 69% male at the time of survey. Fig. 2.
Pretty much exact opposites [to /writing]. Response rate 99% vs 98%.
ORIENTATION
We also, forgive us, asked about sexual orientation. [96% response rate.] We don't have corresponding data from /writing but believe they skew predominantly or at least more heterosexual. This is an educated guess however. Fig. 3.
We are 36% LGBA and "not exclusively heterosexual" people. Interestingly this is an over-representation of these numbers in the general population.
AGE
We failed to ask for exact ages, especially for comparing trends but asked for general age ranges similar to those in /writing. Figs. 4. and 5. "Response rate 100%."
But we're definitely, on average, older.
We're older than writing.
EDUCATION LEVEL
You could make a case for better educated, too. More likely that the older members in YAwriters have graduated from high school and finished their degrees, however. Response rate 98% vs >99%. Fig. 6.
The YAwriters survey broke post-graduate degrees down further… The “associate’s degree” label was used for anyone who indicated a 2-year degree or trade school certification…We also have at least 1 MD and 2 lawyers among respondents. Response rate 98%. Fig. 7.
Another note about the education data: In terms of demographics, there is a huge difference between “still in college” and “attended college, but left without degree.” Since this was the second largest category, future surveys should differentiate between the two. “Did not complete high school” is another possibility…
Multiple degrees and specialties were reported… Another way of looking at it. Amongst those who went to college, liberal arts degrees are common in this sub. Figs. 8. and 9.
ETHNIC BACKGROUND
Apologies for asking such personal questions about race, gender and orientation but we felt it was necessary to make sure we’re serving folks the best and of course you were free not to answer. We also had an inkling that /YAwriters had a more diverse body of users than /writing. Here's what it looked like when those who had opted out were counted as their own category. Fig. 10.
[And a] recalculation that just treats "prefer not to answer" as "not part of the data set." I'm not quite that cynical. e.g. 20/100 prefer not to answer. Percentages are now recalculated from 80. 30% becomes 37.5%. Fig. 11.
With all the write-in answers, these seemed to be the best categories. 74% response rate. Fig. 12.
Another way of looking at it. Fig. 13.
Notably, among users who answered this question, 22% of POC identified as biracial. Plotting both races didn't significantly change graphs though. 74% response rate for this graph.
We have noted that we didn't give both enough or nuanced enough options on these questions and people of multiple backgrounds may have felt too many/not enough options applied. We apologize and will seek to correct this on the next survey.
A note on methodology here: You may see some differences in percentages between different graphs, purportedly of the same data. For example, “biracial” with no additional information gets counted in “POC,” but not in graph 12. Answers like “Jewish,” “haole,” and “Irish” were combined as “white.”
A surprising number of people answered “American,” “Californian,” etc. While I could calculate those entries as a weighted average of the demographics of those regions, or take the cynical route and assume they meant “white,” I lumped them into “prefer not to say” instead. California is 38% Hispanic, 36% White, 14% Asian, 7% Black, 2% Native American, btw. Yes, that’s more than 100%.
A 2013 Pew Internet survey found that Hispanic internet users were 2-3 times more likely to use Reddit than white or black respondents. You can read the Pew report here: http://www.pewinternet.org/files/old-media/Files/Reports/2013/PIP_reddit_usage_2013.pdf
PUBLICATION HISTORY
Users reported multiple types of publication history. Response rate 97%. Fig. 14
The caveat is that from the way the survey is worded, it's possible that fanfiction is getting counted as serialization. We'll seek to delineate this in a next addition.
Without a doubt, YAwriters users have shared their writing with a large audience. Fig. 15.
AMBITIONS
According to this chart, unpublished members should just keep writing, because they haven't caught up to the published folks yet. Fig. 16
Even as a write-in answer, “fun” was just as popular as “making money...” Fig. 17.
The majority of respondents want a large press to pick up their WIP, but will consider self-publishing if that doesn't work out. Fig. 18.
Career goals. Fig. 19.
There really wasn't an option suitable for enthusiastic people with a different career to focus on.
WORK HABITS
Wordcount: Fig. 20. "98% response rate."
Writing Frequency: Fig. 21.
Outlining: Fig. 22. We recognize there's room for error in phrasing. Next time we'll endevour to include plotters and pantsers. "98% response rate."
OPINIONS OF DIFFERENT PUBLISHING ROUTES
Large traditional presses were favored. Fig. 23.
Here are the average ratings, converted to a 5 star system. HUGE error bars though. Fig. 24.
No significant trend for ranking self-publication. Fig. 25.
Which is notable in that we might have assumed younger people would respond to it better. Nope.
People with graduate degrees rated self-publishing much higher than those in high school. Fig. 26
This would probably be a second surprise. Even though a lot of self-pubbers are very educated, one might wrongfully assume, older people with more degrees were more set on trad publishing. This doesn't appear to be the case.
Note:
Again, huge error bars associated with all of these rankings, so no good conclusions can be drawn. I rather thought the self-pub vs. education trend would be opposite though.
TL;DR So there you have it. It's an informal survey and our user base has grown, but the cautious results seem to indicate that YAwriters skews more female than /writing. We also suspect we skew more more LGBTAQ and POC than /writing though would need that data set from them to be sure. We're definitely older, on balance have more education, and are more widely published though both subs have probably failed to get specific enough about what published means exactly.
submitted by Lilah_Rose to YAwriters [link] [comments]

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Binary Boom Review 2015 - Is Binary Boom SCAM? So How Does Binary Boom Software Work?? Binary Boom By Dennis Anker Review

Binary Boom Review 2015 - WHAT THE HECK IS A BOOM? Learn the Insider Details about Binary Boom in this Binary Boom review! So What is Binary Boom Software all about? So Does Binary Boom Actually Work? Is Binary Boom Software scam or does it really work?
To find answers to these concerns continue reading my in depth and honest Binary Boom Review below.
Binary Boom Description:
Name: Binary Boom
Niche: Binary Options.
Official Web site: Activate The NEW Binary Boom Software!! CLICK HERE NOW!!!
What is Binary Boom?
Binary Boom is basically a binary options trading software application that is developed to assistance traders win and predict the market trends with binary options. The software likewise offers evaluations of the market conditions so that traders can know exactly what should be your next step. It provides different secret techniques that ultimately assists. traders without using any complicated trading indicators or follow graphs.
Binary Boom Binary Options Trading Strategy
Base the Binary Boom trading technique. After you see it working, you can start to execute your method with regular sized lots. This technique will pay off with time. Every Forex binary options trader should select an account type that is in accordance with their needs and expectations. A bigger account does not imply a bigger profit potential so it is a great concept to begin little and slowly add to your account as your returns increase based on the trading selections you make.
Binary Options Trading
To assist you trade binary options effectively, it is very important to have an understanding behind the principles of Binary Options Trading. Currency Trading, or foreign exchange, is based upon the perceived value of. 2 currencies relative to one another, and is affected by the political stability of the country, inflation and interest rates to name a few things. Keep this in mind as you trade and discover more about binary options to optimize your learning experience.
Are the trades on the Binary Boom website actually live and occurring today this very second"? Is exactly what I'm seeing the REAL live price of the currency pairs?
Yes, trades are genuine. And yes, you see the REAL TIME rate of each currency pair traded.
Exactly what you're seeing are genuine trades that Binary Boom is placing right now in my Binary Options brokerage account, as they're being traded.
The entry and expiry prices and times are all accurate and precise.
The only thing they delay on the site is whether the trade is a CALL or a PUT ... and I do that for only 20 seconds.
Click Here And Watch This Video And Learn Why The Trades Are LIVE
Why does binary boom delay this information?
So People can not copy trades straight from the Binary Boom website, and because a 20 second delay is fair: on the one hand, They as much better results due to the fact that these are 60 second Binary options trades and rate can still change throughout the last 40 seconds.
On the other hand, anyone attempting to copy trades straight from the Binary Boom website won't get the real outcomes of Binary Boom as they'll be copying trades that are 20 seconds old.
Why are they delaying whether a trade is a CALL or a PUT by 20 seconds?
So people can't copy trades straight from the Binary Boom website. So dennis anker decided that a 20 second delay was fair because it prevents manually copying the trades, but it doesn't enable enough time to falsify the results you see with any degree of consistency. That's a win win situation - I can be sure that no one is copying trades from the Binary Boom site and you can be sure that the outcomes are genuine.
Is it possible for you to control the published outcomes by concealing the CALL/ PUT status for 20 seconds?
No, it's IMPOSSIBLE. Here's why:
BinaryBoom places 60 second Binary options trades. This is very important because when binary boom spots a trend it will place multiple trades for maximum profits!
If you're streaming existing market prices, it's difficult to know which rate will be 60 seconds from now. It's likewise impossible to understand which rate will certainly be 40 seconds from now.
Simply puts, the preliminary 20 seconds of each trade offers dennis anker NO benefit in knowing where rate will certainly be when a 60 second Binary Options trade expires.
Do not believe me? try it yourself!
Do the following:
Go to ANY broker, select any currency pair, then try speculating if cost will be above or below the existing market price after 40 seconds.
Wait 40 seconds.
Do that 10 times.
I ENSURE you will not be right more than 3 4 times!
The ONLY reason dennis postpone revealing the CALL/ PUT condition of a trade is merely to prevent people copying trades straight from the web site.
Is it safe to download the BinaryBoom software?
Yes, downloading is 100% safe for 2 factors.
First, binary boom is a Microsoft Verified Publisher.
That indicates dennis has given a special "certification" that confirms the validity of the binary boom software, that it does not contain a virus, malware, and so on, that it's 100 % clean and hasn't been tampered with in any way.
It's really HARD to get this kind of certification, but means that software publishers who do are the most reliable on the web.
The "certification" is embedded in the binary boom application and recognized by Windows, so you can verify that binary boom is a Microsoft Verified Publisher merely looking for this when installing BinaryBoom:
KEEP IN MIND: NEVER set up software application that doesn't show the name of the business in the Verified Publisher field.
Second, BinaryBoom has close to 7,000 ACTIVE happy users.
What The Heck Is Boom? A boom is when a currency pair has started to trend, That is the reason binary boom is so profitable it place's trades within a trend!
Binary Boom Summary
In summary, there are some obvious concepts that have actually been tested in time, as well as some newer strategies. that you may not have actually thought about. Hopefully, as long as you follow exactly what we suggest in this article you can either get started with trading with Binary Boom or enhance on exactly what you have already done.
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IQ Option Review || Demo Account, App Download FRee

• IQ Option Review • IQ Option Review - What is IQ Option? Does IQ Option System really work? How does IQ Option work? Is IQ Option App Scam? Learn the real truth about IQ Option in my honest IQ Option Review below:
IQ Option Overview
Product complete : IQ Option
Niche: Binary Options
Official website : iqoption.com
Money-back Promise : Yes (2 months)
Delivery amount : Fast Delivery
Download: Free
IQ Option Review
IQ Option is a unique binary trading software system that has been designed to make profiting from binary options easy for practically anyone in the world. If you are looking for an honest IQ Option review, continue reading.
Have you been thinking about taking part in the binary options trading market? There are a lot of ways for people to become involved in trading these options, but there are inherent problems that come along with any sort of options trading. Many people have traditionally needed to know a lot about the market, so that they could make the right choices, and increase their odds of profiting. This has basically kept the industry closed to outsiders, and anyone who does not have previous knowledge about the market.
What is IQ Option?
IQ Option is a system that was carefully created to help people make money with binary options trading. Unlike the traditional method of following the options, reading about the different trades, and trying to stay on top of the industry manually – this is a completely automated system. It takes advantage of special IQ Option, which can be used by anyone, no matter how much they know about trading, or how much they know about using a computer.
Like all programs that are intended to help you earn money through trading binary options, the makers of IQ Option promis a lot. The question is, of course: can it really do everything that it is meant to? Firstly, take a look at the features that the system comes with:
It is completely free to use, and you will never be asked for money for its use in the future. IQ Option only works with completely legal networks and brokers. It will work all over the world. You don't have to download the software, because it is based online. This also means that it will work through web browsers on any type of PC, smart phone or tablet with internet connection.
This system is guaranteed to increase your chances of making big profits by trading in binary options. You will be able to access your money easily, at any time after earnings are made. This seems like a great set of features, especially the part about not costing anything. However, keep reading to find out how many of these things are actually true.
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How Does IQ Option Work?
The IQ Option must be accessed before you can start to use the system. This can occur once you have completed the free registration. We were able to complete this with ease, and it did not cost any money. So far, so good! Next, the system allowed us to invest some real money, by transferring it into our own private trading account. This money was not used to pay for anything in the IQ Option program, and it was our money entirely.
The system uses special “signals”, which are basically pieces of information about what trades should be made. Using these signals, the software began to do all of the hard work for us. In fact, there was practically nothing else to do after this point, apart from sit back and watch. Of course, you do not have to actively watch, and you can just leave the software to trade your money for you.
In a small amount of time, it is possible to start seeing real profits from the small amount of money that you decide to invest in the beginning. It is actually amazing to think that the software was able to do everything by itself. Even though an IQ Option download is not necessary, and there is no installation, the web-based software is extremely powerful, and there were no problems at all.
Is IQ Option Scam?
One of the main reasons that many people miss out on good opportunities, is that they are worried about being scammed. There are other companies around who are pretending to be involved with this trustworthy binary trading software system, and they are giving IQ Option a bad name. You have probably seen a lot of different “money making schemes” on the Internet, but this is not one of them. We had no trouble accessing our profits, so it is disturbing to learn that people are falling victim to scams from other groups.
Pros of IQ Option:-
Cons of IQ Option:-
While you can trade a lot in a day with 60 second binary options and potentially make a lot of money, you could also lose a lot. “Over-trading” is common among new traders who want to try to catch every market move, but these aren’t likely high probability trades to win. Good set-ups often take time to develop, and therefore by using 60 second binary options you may be distracted by mediocre or poor trade set-ups, missing the good ones.
Is IQ Option Worth It?
If you have a little bit of time to spare, and you are willing to take a look at a new piece of software, which is quite easy to use – you might want to join up. This IQ Option review was written by people who are interested in sharing the best money-making methods that are available online.
IQ Option delivers, there is no question about it. Trades based from the software are scoring over 88% in accuracy. The key to making money with IQ Option is to get started. The longer you debate about whether or not to pursue this path, the less money you can make as opportunities fade into the past. Don’t delay, get started today and see what the future can bring you. IQ Option makes it easy to get in on the binary options markets no matter what your experience level or the amount of funds that you have to invest.
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BINARY OPTIONS STRATEGY Easy Binary Options Strategy 2020 BEST BINARY OPTIONS STRATEGY 2020 FULL EXPLANATION AND LIVE TRADE Free Volatility Binary Options Bot 2019 NEW 100% WIN BINARY OPTION FREE TRADING SIGNALS BINARY OPTIONS STRATEGY - Easy Binary Options Strategy 2020.

Here we list and compare the best binary options demo accounts with no deposit requirements 2020, and look at whether a free demo account really is ‘free’ and even where you can get a trial account with no sign up at all. The minimum deposit is just $10 for the Real Account. Jul 02, 2020 · Best binary options demo account. A way back to then in 2008, binary options trading was deregulated. In 2010, some brokers were started to offer demo accounts to attract, and gain trader’s trust. At this moment, almost all trading broker’s allows traders to open a practice account before an initial deposit. We sent out our binary options experts to explore the various binary options brokers with the demo accounts. We sort to find out which is the best binary options broker with a demo account. IQ Option turned out to be one of the best binary options brokers with demo accounts. IQ Option. Open Free Demo Account at IQoption A good free binary options demo account will have many tradable assets available. You don’t want to practice on an account that offers you only three currency pairs. Look for diversity. If you are new to binary options, demo accounts can be a great place to start. While you may understand the concept of trading, actual trading with real money can be a daunting prospect. we have researched the best in the marketplace and found those that offer a free demo account with no deposit required. Not only do these brokers provide

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BINARY OPTIONS STRATEGY Easy Binary Options Strategy 2020

Best Binary Options Broker http://binaryinternational.go2cloud.org/SH7h Binary International may be the best binary options broker offering it's customers th... Next it is a case of putting in your API Token for your binary.com account. It can be either a demo or real account, but of course the best practice is to do all your testing with your demo binary ... Do not miss! DEMO ACCOUNT: https://bit.ly/2Lq3NUt You can use this strategy in binary options to win every time but you have to keep following things in mind. =Greed =Patience =Good Market ... If you have any questions about binary options, feel free to leave a comment ... All broker reviewed here provide a Free demo account you can use to get started with binary options and try out the ... WISA & HUGE Best Stocks To Buy + Day Trading LIVE ($25,000 Challenge) Alex Winkler 147 watching Live now 60 Second Strategy: Learn how to trade binary options for a profit - Duration: 12:34.

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